File system encryption in Alpine Linux

This is similar to my previous article Encrypting Filesystem in Void Linux but for Alpine Linux

The point of this recipe is to create a encrypted file sytem so that when the disc is disposed, it does not need to be securely erased. This is particularly important for SSD devices since because of block remapping (for wear levelling) data can't be overwritten consistently.

The idea is that the boot/root filesystem containing the encryption keys are stored in a different device as the encrypted file system.

Create block devices

apk add lvm2 cryptsetup

dd if=/dev/urandom of=/etc/crypto_keyfile.bin bs=1024 count=4
chmod 000 /etc/crypto_keyfile.bin
cryptsetup luksFormat /dev/xda2 /etc/crypto_keyfile.bin
cryptsetup luksOpen --key-file=/etc/crypto_keyfile.bin /dev/xda2 crypt-pool

Look up the UUID

blkid /dev/xda2

Edit dmcrypt service configuration in /etc/conf.d/dmcrypt:


And enable it with this command:

rc-update add dmcrypt boot

At this point it would be good to backup:

  • /etc/conf.d/dmcrypt
  • /etc/crypto_keyfile.bin

Reboot and make sure that the block device gets created on start-up.

Add to LVM:

vgcreate pool /dev/mapper/crypt-pool
lvcreate --name home0 -L 20G pool

Create your file-system and add it to /etc/fstab.